BANGWE Newsletter no 20: 39è session du Conseil des Droits Humains

 La 39è session du Conseil des Droits Humains s'est tenue à Genève au Palais des Nations du 10 au 27 septembre 2018. Comme à l’accoutumée, BANGWE et DIALOGUE/ONG a co- organisé des réunions sur des questions de grande préoccupation. L'approche de s'associer avec d'autres partenaires a été rééditée. Notre organisation étant membre du Comité sur le Statut de la Femme de l'ONU Genève, il a été crée au sein de ce dernier un groupe de travail sur les Femmes et les Migrations. BANGWE et DIALOGUE en assure la Coordination. 





Table Ronde Inter sur les Migrations et la Traite d'êtres humains tenue le 19 septembre 2018  

Rappelons qu'en mars 2017, BANGWE et DIALOGUE/ONG a organisé en collaboration avec  d’autres organisations partenaires une Table Ronde inter active sur la question des Migrations et des pratiques de l’esclavage moderne. Une délégation des femmes et des jeunes du  Nigéria avaient fait le déplacement pour partager leurs expériences.

Suite au grand intérêt sur la question et au succès de la rencontre, nous avons  jugé opportun d'organiser une deuxième réunion sur ce thème  en vue d'alerter la Communauté internationale sur différentes formes et pratiques à combattre. En plus de l'organisation" International Women Alliance" deux organisations, RADDHO et SOROPTIMIST International se sont jointes au projet et nous leur en remercions beaucoup. 
Vue des intervenants

L'objectif était double:   Offrir une occasion aux représentant(e)s d’associations et  à des experts de livrer leurs analyses et à informer le public de leurs actions et réalisations. Il s'agissait également de  susciter une plus grande prise de conscience auprès des participants tout en les sensibilisant à  engager des actions dans  leurs  sphères d’activités et d’engagement. Malgré le temps limité, le débat a été très riche et  interactif.Le public a suivi un exposé dense sur les différentes formes d’exploitation des migrants en particulier les femmes et les enfants dans les pays d’accueil,  exemple pris sur la Suisse et les pays membres de l’Union Européenne. Il s'agit de Madame Anne Marie von-Arx Vernon, députée au Grand Conseil de Genève et membre de la Fondation  des Grottes sur la traite d'êtres humains. L'autre exposé a été fait par Monsieur Biro DIAWARA, Chargé de programme au sein du Rassemblement Africain pour le Développement et les Droits de l'Homme (RADDHO). Il a essentiellement évoqué le contexte global, les raisons et les pratiques sur les routes des migrants de l Afrique de l'Ouest.
Journée de la non violence en date du 25 septembre 2018
A l'occasion de cet important événement, l'Organisation RADDHO en collaboration avec une dizaine d'autres associations partenaires dont BANGWE et DIALOGUE a organisé un sidevent sur la  commémoration en date du 25 octobre 2018 dans la salle XXVII du Palais des Nations. L'assistance a suivi les interventions appréciées de la part des personnalités suivantes: Ambassadeur Colette Samoya pour le compte de BANGWE et DIALOGUE, l'Ambassadeur David Fernandez Puyana de l'Université pour la Paix, Monsieur Shaibal Roy Chowdury, Ministre Conseiller à la Mission de l'Inde, et Madame Valeriane Bernard représentant de Brahma Kumaris. Monsieur Biro DIAWARA chargé de programme de RADDHO assurait la modération.

Un riche échange a suivi les présentations respectives.

BANGWE Newsletter 19bis: (WUNRN) Trafficking in Persons-Most Are Women & Girls



 Trafficking in Persons - Most Are Women & Girls - World Day Against –
Most International Trafficking Victims Cross at Official Border Points
WUNRN Mon 7/30/2018, 5:37 PM WUNRN http://www.wunrn.com


Most Victims Trafficked Internationally Cross Official Border Points – Gender - IOM 
07/30/18 - Geneva – On the occasion of World Day against Trafficking in Persons (30/07), new data released by IOM, the UN Migration Agency, show that in the last ten years, almost 80 per cent of journeys undertaken by victims trafficked internationally cross through official border points, such as airports and land border control points.  

Trafficking in persons is often seen as an underground activity, linked to irregular migration, and hidden from the authorities and the general public. IOM case data depict a different story, indicating that most trafficking is in fact happening through official border points. This highlights the crucial role that border agencies and service providers at border points can play to identify potential victims and refer them for protection and assistance.  

Women are more likely to be trafficked through an official border point than men (84 per cent of cases, versus 73 per cent for men). Adults are also more likely to be trafficked across official border points than children (80 per cent of cases, versus 56 per cent for children).  
Victims are exploited at some point during their journey in two thirds of cases, meaning that they are likely to cross official borders having already experienced some form of exploitation, while one third may still be unaware that they are being trafficked and may believe they are taking up new opportunities abroad that have been promised to them. 

Khadija, a fourteen-year-old girl, was trafficked through an official border point between Uganda and Kenya in 2015. Without her knowledge, her father had arranged to marry her off in Kenya, and sent her to Kenya with a man she didn’t know. When Khadija and the man reached the border between Uganda and Kenya, he took her passport and told her he would help her clear immigration. He hid her under the seat of the car until they were on their way to the Kenyan capital. Khadija was transferred to members of her family who were arranging the marriage. Luckily, Khadija was able to contact her embassy, who helped her with IOM support.  

Some victims trafficked through official border points carry forged travel documents (9 per cent of cases), while others do not have their own travel documents (23 per cent of cases).  
The figures presented here are based on data from victims IOM assisted during the last ten years, involving about 10,500 journey legs undertaken by nearly 8,000 victims. The data are hosted on the Counter-Trafficking Data Collaborative (CTDC), which is the world’s first data portal to include human trafficking case data contributed by multiple agencies. Launched in 2017, the CTDC currently includes case records of over 80,000 trafficked persons from 171 countries who were exploited in 170 countries. 
The final draft of the Global Compact on Migration for Safe, Orderly, and Regular Migration, adopted by UN Member States on the 13 July 2018, calls for whole-of-government approaches to enhancing border management cooperation on proper identification, timely and efficient referral, as well as assistance and appropriate protection of migrants in situations of vulnerability at or near international borders, in compliance with international human rights law. It highlights the need for improving screening measures and individual assessments at borders and places of first arrival, by applying standardized operating procedures developed in coordination with local authorities, National Human Rights Institutions, international organizations and civil society. 

IOM’s new data echo this need and show that national governments should devise and operate robust border management procedures that are sensitive to migrants’ vulnerabilities and protection needs, coupled with well-established systems to ensure that migrants having suffered from violence, exploitation, and abuse are identified and referred to relevant service providers in a timely manner. 
Front-line actors, including border management officials at air, sea and land border-crossing points, can play an important role in facilitating the timely identification of victims and potential victims of trafficking, as well as of traffickers. There is a need to continue developing the capacity of these actors to identify and refer victims of trafficking at an early stage upon arrival, and to strengthen cooperation mechanisms at border points so that victims who are identified upon arrival can be referred to service providers for their protection and assistance. 

It is also important to continue providing training and awareness raising to service providers at border points in departure and destination countries such as airport staff, airline personnel, and railway personnel, and to develop procedures for communication and reporting to local authorities. Leveraging technology at border points could also contribute to improving data collection which, in turn, can help with risk analysis and smarter identification in real-time. 
IOM’s programming provides a unique source of primary data on human trafficking. The organization maintains the largest database of victim case data in the world, which contains case records for over 50,000 trafficked persons whom it has assisted. This victim case data is used to inform policy and programming, including for estimating prevalence and measuring the impact of anti-trafficking interventions. 
Regularly updating policies and interventions based on new evidence is key to improving counter-trafficking initiatives at border points. The new information highlights the importance of leveraging operational data from direct assistance activities to inform counter-trafficking policies and programmes.

BANGWE Newsletter no19: Roots Causes of Sexual Violence in Conflict


 CEDAW Committee & Office of the UN Special Representative of the S-G on Sexual Violence in Conflict Join Forces to Address the Root Causes of Sexual Violence

WUNRN Thu 8/2/2018, 12:10 A (http://www.wunrn.com)
New York, 24 July 2018 - The United Nations Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict, Ms. Pramila Patten, and the Chair of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW Committee), Ms. Dalia Leinarte, welcome the signing of a Framework of Cooperation between the CEDAW Committee and her Office.
“With this framework of cooperation, a first between a Security Council-mandated body and a human rights mechanism, the CEDAW Committee and my Office affirm our common commitment to promote and protect the rights of women and girls affected by conflict-related sexual violence, a human rights violation deeply rooted in gender discrimination.
This framework of cooperation is aimed at creating sustainable peace by ensuring that the pillars of peace and security, human rights and development remain closely linked. It will also contribute toward Sustainable Development Goal number five on gender equality, which aims to eliminate all forms of violence against women, including sexual violence in conflict, by 2030,” said Special Representative Patten.According to the Chair of the CEDAW Committee, Ms. Dalia Leinarte: “This cooperation framework reflects the strong linkages between conflict-related sexual violence and the obligations of States Parties to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women to protect women and girls from gender-based violence in times of war, as well as peace”.According to the Framework of Cooperation, both entities will engage in:
a.       Establishing a joint programme of work to support the implementation of United Nations Security Council resolutions on women, peace and security/and sexual violence in conflict through the implementation of recommendations of the Committee and the Office of the SRSG-SVC; 
   b. Advancing national-level implementation of human rights standards on the protection of women and girls affected by sexual violence;
c. Cooperating in the conduct of research and collection of data to ensure accountability and compliance of Member States with the obligations under the Convention and the relevant United Nations Security Council resolutions. Commending the engagement of the CEDAW Committee, Special Representative Patten added: “This Framework of Cooperation provides a roadmap to guide our joint efforts to tackle the structural drivers of sexual violence by protecting and promoting the rights of women and girls at risk. Through accountability and fostering compliance with international norms, we can prevent and deter these horrific crimes, and combat the culture of impunity that sustains them. My Office and the CEDAW Committee will continue to support duty-bearers to meet their obligations, and women and girls to claim and realize their rights.”